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Fundamentals of urodynamic practice
BASED ON INTERNATIONAL CONTINENCE SOCIETY GOOD URODYNAMIC PRACTICES RECOMMENDATIONS
To review the recommendations on basic urodynamic testing in the International Continence Society (ICS) standardization documents, specifying key recommendations for delivery and interpretation in clinical practice.
Fundamental expectations described in the ICS standards on good urodynamic practices, urodynamic equipment, and terminology for lower urinary tract (LUT) function were identified and summarized.
URODYNAMICS USELESS IN FEMALE STRESS INCONTINENCE?
TIME FOR SOME SENSE—A EUROPEAN EXPERT CONSENSUS
Routine use of urodynamics for the assessment of female stress urinary incontinence appears to be in decline across Europe. The reasons for this trend appear multifactorial, but the implications are of significant concern.
A multidisciplinary group of UDS experts from six European countries was convened, and a modified version of the Delphi method was utilised to reach a consensus viewpoint structured around five key questions.
Urodynamic study (UDS) is often used to help urologists to evaluate the functions of bladder and urethra in outpatient clinic.1 Although a UDS is a reliable tool for accurate diagnosis, the process itself can be accompanied by discomfort and pain as it includes the positioning the catheters urethral and rectally, and the bladder filling. Reports of having such invasive outpatient process whilst awake may demonstrate pain and disquiet that result in incomplete examinations and patient noncompliance2,3.
Various pharmacologic options including lidocaine gel and catheter tip lubrication for urethral catheterization were used to relieve pain and anxiety during UDS. Besides, there are some non-pharmalogical methods such as patient education, heating pad, music, distraction and relaxation4-6.
Music has been considered complementary treatment modality as cheap, safe and effective. In various urological procedures including cystoscopy, transrectal prostate biopsy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) music has been proven helpful on pain and anxiety levels 7-10. However, current literature presents limited and controversial data evaluating the influence of music on pain and anxiety perspective of the patient during UDS. We, therefore, aimed to assess the effect of music on patient satisfaction in a analgesic and anxiolytic way during UDS.
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